Sands of Time Title
This site provides detailed information on the sand dunes of the Sefton coast in North West England
Home Page
Coastal Change
A History
  Physical Forces
Growth & Erosion
Future Change
Managing Change
Primary Succession
Model of Succession
The Strand Line
Embryo Dunes
Mobile Dunes
Blow Outs
Semi-fixed Dunes
Fixed Dunes
Dune Slacks
Dune Heath
Vegetation/Soil Data
Studying Succession
Pine Plantations
Project Objectives
Project Partners
Project Funding
Related Links

Scrub development on the Sefton Coast has led to the formation of some areas of young woodland, for example of Birch Betula spp.

Deciduous woodland is the natural climax vegetation of the dunes and it might be expected to occur on the oldest, landward edge of the dunes. This eastern edge of the dunes, however, has been severely affected by development.

Small area of deciduous woodland at Ainsdale
Small area of deciduous woodland on Ainsdale
Sand Dunes National Nature Reserve

The settlements of north Hightown, Formby Ainsdale and Birkdale are all built on this older area of the dunes. In addition, large areas of pine woodland were planted in this zone at the turn of the century.


For more information about this project email at Liverpool Hope University.
  Go to the site of Liverpool Hope University    

Liverpool Hope University worked with English Nature and the
Sefton Coast Partnership to implement the Sands of Time project.