The sand is an inhospitable substrate for plant growth.
lacking in plant nutrients
Only highly specialised plants which have evolved
strategies to grow in such an inhospitable environment are able to colonise.
These are the primary colonisers of the sand dune succession and
are restricted in their distribution to this very stressful type of habitat.
Sea Rocket Cakile maritima
Prickly Saltwort Salsola kali
These annual plants may form miniature sand dunes
as sand accumulates around the plant body and the plant is able to grow
upwards a little through the accumulating sand. Alternatively, they may
be washed away by the waves brought in on the next high tide.
Sea Rocket forming miniature
dunes at the top of the beach
On the Sefton Coast, these strand line plants are only found at the
accreting northern and southern ends of the system,
not around the erosion front at Formby Point.
For more information about this project email firstname.lastname@example.org
at Liverpool Hope University.
Liverpool Hope University worked with English
Nature and the Sefton Coast Partnership to implement the Sands of Time project.