Sands of Time Title
This site provides detailed information on the sand dunes of the Sefton coast in North West England
Home Page
Coastal Change
A History
  Physical Forces
Growth & Erosion
Future Change
Managing Change
Primary Succession
Model of Succession
The Strand Line
Embryo Dunes
Mobile Dunes
Blow Outs
Semi-fixed Dunes
Fixed Dunes
Dune Slacks
Dune Heath
Scrub
Woodland
Vegetation/Soil Data
Studying Succession
Pine Plantations
Project Objectives
Project Partners
Project Funding
Publications
Related Links
Scrub
 

Since the rabbit population was decimated in the 1950s by the introduction of a disease called myxomatosis, tall woody plants have become widely established on the dunes. Plants such as

  • Birch Betula spp
  • Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna

invaded naturally. A number of species, however, were introduced to the Sefton Coast dunes by people and have since become very widespread; these include

  • White Poplar Populus alba Balm of Gilead Populus candicans
  • Sea Buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides.

In addition, pines from the plantations seed into the open dunes. See page on pine plantations.Scrub is a natural successional development from semi-fixed and fixed dunes in the absence of grazing.

The scrub species totally dominate the vegetation, which as a consequence tends to be species-poor. A thick, brown soil organic layer develops under the scrub. In the absence of grazing, there has been an explosion of the area of scrub on the Sefton Coast with a loss of the typical dune plants and animals. Management has been clearing the scrub and introducing grazing whereever possible to restore and maintain the open dunes.

 
A patch of scub on the fixed dunes at Ainsdale
A patch of scrub on the fixed dunes at Ainsdale
 
Scrub control methodsDigging out scrub
Scrub removal on the fixed dunes
For more information about this project email dunes@hope.ac.uk at Liverpool Hope University.
  Go to the site of Liverpool Hope University    

Liverpool Hope University worked with English Nature and the
Sefton Coast Partnership to implement the Sands of Time project.