Sands of Time Title
This site provides detailed information on the sand dunes of the Sefton coast in North West England
Home Page
Coastal Change
A History
  Physical Forces
Growth & Erosion
Future Change
Managing Change
Primary Succession
Model of Succession
The Strand Line
Embryo Dunes
Mobile Dunes
Blow Outs
Semi-fixed Dunes
Fixed Dunes
Dune Slacks
Dune Heath
Vegetation/Soil Data
Studying Succession
Pine Plantations
Project Objectives
Project Partners
Project Funding
Related Links
Future Changes

The Sefton Coast has to be considered in the light of the effect of possible climatic change - global warming, sea level rise and an increase in storminess. Numerous predictions have been made as to the magnitude of these effects, with widely differing answers. However, recent predictions have tended to come together in a narrower range. Recent climate modelling work suggests a possible rise in average sea level of 0.3 metres over the next sixty years. On top of this, the increase in maximum wave height and meteorological surge effects on any storm event must be considered.

Map of coastal change
Wind velocity frequency distribution for
different Irish Sea sectors

Although the environmental influences and the directions of sediment movement are well understood, there is uncertainty over just how much sediment remains in the Irish Sea 'reservoir'. It is now believed that most dune systems in Europe are mature and in erosional and recycling phases. Knowing the sand budget (the total amount of sand in the system) is as important as the understanding of the living and non-living processes. Therefore, more research is needed to gain an understanding of how the Sefton Coast might respond to future climatic change.



For more information about this project email at Liverpool Hope University.
  Go to the site of Liverpool Hope University    

Liverpool Hope University worked with English Nature and the
Sefton Coast Partnership to implement the Sands of Time project.